Sometimes it's easier to make quick changes directly from the GitLab interface than to clone the project and use the Git command line tool. In this feature highlight we look at how you can create a new file, directory, branch or tag from the file browser. All of these actions are available from a single dropdown menu.
From a project's files page, click the '+' button to the right of the branch selector. Choose 'New file' from the dropdown.
Enter a file name in the 'File name' box. Then, add file content in the editor area. Add a descriptive commit message and choose a branch. The branch field will default to the branch you were viewing in the file browser. If you enter a new branch name, a checkbox will appear allowing you to start a new merge request after you commit the changes.
When you are satisfied with your new file, click 'Commit Changes' at the bottom.
The ability to create a file is great when the content is text. However, this doesn't work well for binary data such as images, PDFs or other file types. In this case you need to upload a file.
From a project's files page, click the '+' button to the right of the branch selector. Choose 'Upload file' from the dropdown.
Once the upload dialog pops up there are two ways to upload your file. Either drag and drop a file on the pop up or use the 'click to upload' link. A file preview will appear once you have selected a file to upload.
Enter a commit message, choose a branch, and click 'Upload file' when you are ready.
To keep files in the repository organized it is often helpful to create a new directory.
From a project's files page, click the '+' button to the right of the branch selector. Choose 'New directory' from the dropdown.
In the new directory dialog enter a directory name, a commit message and choose the target branch. Click 'Create directory' to finish.
When creating or uploading a new file, or creating a new directory, you can trigger a new merge request rather than committing directly to master. Enter a new branch name in the 'Target branch' field. You will notice a checkbox appear that is labeled 'Start a new merge request with these changes'. After you commit the changes you will be taken to a new merge request form.
If you want to make changes to several files before creating a new merge request, you can create a new branch up front. From a project's files page, choose 'New branch' from the dropdown.
Enter a new 'Branch name'. Optionally, change the 'Create from' field to choose which branch, tag or commit SHA this new branch will originate from. This field will autocomplete if you start typing an existing branch or tag. Click 'Create branch' and you will be returned to the file browser on this new branch.
You can now make changes to any files, as needed. When you're ready to merge the changes back to master you can use the widget at the top of the screen. This widget only appears for a period of time after you create the branch or modify files.
Tags are useful for marking major milestones such as production releases, release candidates, and more. You can create a tag from a branch or a commit SHA. From a project's files page, choose 'New tag' from the dropdown.
Give the tag a name such as
v1.0.0. Choose the branch or SHA from which you would like to create this new tag. You can optionally add a message and release notes. The release notes section supports markdown format and you can also upload an attachment. Click 'Create tag' and you will be taken to the tag list page.