The below page includes key definitions for the WW Field Team.
We define the number of customers as the number of accounts with a unique account identifier for which we have an active subscription in the period indicated. Users of our free trials or tier are not included in our customer count. A single organization with multiple divisions, segments or subsidiaries is generally counted as a single customer.
We snapshot customer count on business day 4.
A First Order customer is a customer within an Account Family that makes the first subscription order for the Account Family in the period.
We define customers in the following categorical level of detail:
Ultimate Parent Accountfield)
Because "customer" can have three different meanings whenever customer is used in presenting data it must be qualified by the type of customer.
The default description is parent. When the default is used, no further description is required.
When account or subscription is being reported then the title or field description on the chart must be added to call out the basis for reporting.
Metrics that are based on customer data should also carry a clarifying description. For clarity parent will be the only customer type used for external reporting.
A connected new customer is the first new subscription order with an Account that is related to an existing customer Account Family (regardless of relative position in corporate hierarchy) and the iACV related to this new customer is considered "Connected New".
If an account was active at any point in time during the proposed timeframe it is counted as active. For example, an account that is active from March 2019 to May 2019 but is inactive from June 2019-on is counted for CY2019, FY2020 (which runs from February 2019-January 2020), FY20-Q1, and FY20-Q2; it is not counted in FY20-Q3 or FY20-Q4.
Deal Size is a dimension by which we will measure stage to stage conversions and stage cycle times of opportunities. Values are IACV in USD.
Note that we use the same amounts to group customers by ARR.
Value of all bookings from new and existing customers that will result in recurring revenue over the next 12 months less any credits, lost renewals, downgrades or any other decrease to annual recurring revenue.
Excluded from ACV are bookings that are non-recurring such as professional services, training and non-recurring engineering fees (PCV).
Value of new bookings from new and existing customers that will result in recurring revenue over the next 12 months less any credits, lost renewals, downgrades or any other decrease to annual recurring revenue.
For a deep-dive into iACV, including how it is calculated, see the iACV in Practice Page
GitLab defines ARR as the annual run-rate revenue of subscription agreements from all customers in a given month. GitLab calculates ARR by taking the monthly recurring revenue, or MRR, and multiplying it by 12. MRR for each month is calculated by aggregating, for all customers during that month, monthly revenue from committed contractual amounts of subscriptions. ARR and MRR should be viewed independently of revenue, and do not represent GitLab's GAAP revenue on a monthly or annualized basis, as they are operating metrics that can be impacted by contract start and end dates and renewal rates. ARR and MRR are not intended to be replacements or forecasts of revenue. ARR and MRR calculates subscription fees normalized to a monthly value, and does not include one-time or usage fees.
We snapshot ARR on business day 4.
For a deep-dive into ARR, including how it is calculated and the analysis framework, see the ARR in Practice Page
Monthly recurring revenue from subscriptions that are active from all customers in a given month.
IACV per won deal. This metric can be reported against various dimensions (e.g. ASP by customer segment, cohort, sales channel, territory, etc.)
Contract value that is not considered a subscription and the work is performed by the Professional Services team.
Value of all bookings from new and existing customers that will result in revenue less any credits, lost renewals, downgrades or any other decrease (i.e. within 90 days from close of the deal).
If Deal Length is greater than 12 months: Then TCV = ((ACV / 12) * Deal Term in Months) + Professional Services + Other One Time Fees
If Deal Length is less then or equal 12 months: Then TCV = ACV + Professional Services + Other One Time Fees
Lost or lowered contract value that occurs before a subscription renewal or subscription cancellation.
Contract value that results in a lower value than the previous contract value. Downgrade examples include seat reductions, product downgrades, discounts, and customers switching to Reseller at time of renewal.
What is it?
A true up is a back payment for a customer going over their license count during the year.
Why do we use it?
We use the true up model so that the license never becomes a barrier to adoption for the client.
Let's take an example.
A customer takes out a subscription for 100 users. During the year they grow the usage of the server and 200 additional users come on board. When it comes time to renew, they are now up to 300 active users despite the license only being for 100 users.
At this point the customer needs to do two things: they need to renew the license and to add the true up users.
The number of true up users in this case is 200.
It is the difference between the
Maximum Users and the
Users in License.
This can be found by the customer in their GitLab server by going to the Admin > License area.
It will look like this
There is more information below on the steps you need to take, but in this example you would need to update the number of users for the renewal to 300 and add the
True Up product to the renewal quote for 200 users.
This will create a one time only charge to the customer and in a year's time, they will have a renewal for 300 users.
Note that we make provision for true ups in our standard Subscription Terms Section 5 - Payment of Fees.
Annual revenue opportunity of the entirety of GitLab’s market. The potential value of everyone worldwide that could purchase our product.
A subset of TAM, the annual revenue opportuntiy of the entirety of GitLab's market within our current customer base. The potential value of all users that could purchase our product within existing customer base.
Given our land and expand model, we need to attribute our sales and marketing expense toward both our acquiring new customers and growing new customers. We allocate sales expense by using number of active customers because the number of active customers operationally drives where sales spends time. It also doesn't underweight sales time spent on first order which tends to be smaller than growth. We divide our customer base into cohorts by the quarter when they had their first active subscription. We then weight sales expense to each cohort by the number of active customers in that cohort. Our marketing expense is allocated between first order business and connected new business based on IACV because those are the key KPIs we use to evaluate marketing. Marketing expense includes the cost of free users of gitlab.com.
Defined as how much we spend in sales and marketing to generate revenue in a period. We calculate this by taking a ratio of the amount of sales and marketing spend (including the cost of free users of gitlab.com) in the prior period compared to the growth in revenue in the current period. The formula is:
(sales and marketing expense over trailing twelve months) / (recurring revenue current quarter * 4 - recurring revenue from same quarter prior year * 4)
While the metric is easy to calculate, its limitation is that the sales and marketing efforts don't have as much impact on revenue in the current period as they do on bookings or future period revenue.
We've seen this definition of CAC Ratio used by companies in their investor presentation. Industry guidance reports that median performance is 1.15, with anything less than 1.0 considered very good.
Customer Life-Time Value is the amount of gross margin contribution on a cash basis from a customer over the life of that customer.
The customer Life-Time Value to Customer Acquisition Cost ratio (LTV:CAC measures the relationship between the lifetime value of a customer and the cost of acquiring and growing that customer. A good LTV to CAC ratio is considered to be > 3.0..
To accurately calculate the LTV to CAC of a customer sum all the cash that a customer has paid GitLab over the life of the customer times the gross margin and divide it by the total sales and marketing cost to acquire and grow this customer. These cash flows are discounted back using the GitLab cost of capital or discount rate. We use 15% for our discount rate. This metric is the most accurate view of our unit economics however given we don't have many customers over 4 years of tenure with us there are assumptions in the numbers. This should be used for internal decision making only.
As we acquire new customers we analyze how long it takes to recoup the investment to acquire a new customer. This is calculated by taking one cohort of customers and plotting the sum of the cash paid to GitLab by new customers over time and then plotting the amount of sales and marketing expense allocated to that cohort. Where the two lines cross is where GitLab breaks even on the customer acquisition.
Contract value that is lost at the time of subscription renewals.
Lost Renewals examples include cancellations at or before the subscription renewal date.
If you have a customer who is not renewing, you must mark the Stage as
(Recurring revenue T-1) - (Recurring revenue T-2)) * 4 / GTM spend T-2
T = current quarter
The thesis is that Go To Market (GTM) spend on marketing and sales in the second to last quarter caused the growth in the last quarter.
Industry guidance suggests a good Magic Number is > 1.0, this means you generate more than $1m in incremental ARR from $1m in Sales and marketing investment). Best in class is > 1.5 (for example Twilio). Atlassian is the best in the B2B SaaS industry > 2.0
This number is also sometimes called 'Magic number'.
ARR divided by number of Licensed Users.
This metric may also be referred to as Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) or Average Revenue Per Account (ARPA).
Ratio of total IACV from closed won, Web Direct opportunities (i.e. customers who purchase via the self-service portal) divided by the total IACV of all closed won opportunities. GitLab's target is greater than 30%. The default measurement is IACV but this can also be calculated and reported for ACV.
The IACV of all open opportunities currently in the stages of 4-Proposal, 5-Negotiating, and 6-Awaiting Signature.
The IACV of all open opportunities.
We measure pipeline generated on a monthly basis for net new customers and existing customers. For KPI measurement pipeline creation vs plan should exceed 1.0.
Renewals ACV plus Growth IACV minus (Lost Renewals + Credits + Downgrades)
The value of the first twelve (12) months of any mid-term upgrade.
The average amount of annualized IACV a native quota carrying sales rep produces in a given month formula: (IACV / # of native quota carrying reps adjusted for ramp time) * 12 months. See Quota Ramp
The IACV used in this calculation only includes opportunities owned by quota carrying sales reps (not by a manager, director, or VP). Additionally, opportunities that represent web portal purchases are split out separately.
The primary metric when measuring rep productivity for only for quota attainment but also for compensation is the Gross Incremental Annual Contract Value (Gross IACV). Is is important to remember that while renewals are not a part of comp or quota attainment, renewing customers is still very important aspect of our business.
Rep Productivity is defined as IACV divided by the number of reps of a particular type (i.e. SAL, MM AEs, SMB Customer Advocates). Web portal purchases are split out separately.
Another measured KPI is Rep Productivity (as defined above) divided by On Target Income.
Measurement of closed won, sales assisted opportunities vs the total number of created, sales assisted opportunities in a given period.
The collection of all Salesforce Accounts that roll up to the same Ultimate Parent Account.
The number of contracted users on active paid subscriptions. Excludes OSS, Education, Core and other non-paid users. The data source is Zuora.
A unique deal that is set to
Closed Won in SalesForce.
Utilization is defined as
Seats currently in use / Seats in license.
When not qualified, referring to "utilization" always refers to license utilization.
All other uses, (e.g. CPU utilization), should be qualified and mentioned specifically.