Have you ever tried to push changes to GitLab and gotten the error “port 22: Connection refused"? The network you're connected to doesn't allow using port 22 and you suddenly can't get your work done. I want to push and I want to push now!
You'd be happy to know that GitLab.com now runs an alternate
git+ssh port (443) which you can use whenever you are in a place where port 22 is blocked.
It's not uncommon that in some places the network traffic is being monitored and heavily firewalled, allowing only ports 80 (HTTP) and 443 (HTTPS) to be used.
Blocking the standard SSH port is a measure that network sysadmins occasionally have to take.
Luckily for the users, there is more than one option to overcome this issue. One can use a VPN, Tor or sshuttle to alter their network route traffic to be able to use SSH.
But even then, VPNs can be blocked and these counter measures require some knowledge to be set up and used.
The common solution is to make the SSH daemon listen to a port that is highly likely not to be firewalled, that's why many people prefer the port 443. If you are in a position where even port 443 is blocked, you have more serious matters to be concerned about.
There are three potential ways to get around this problem in GitLab. The first is to run the SSH server on a different port than the default 22 and configure GitLab to use that (no user interaction). The second is to run the SSH server on a different port and make no changes to GitLab, just instruct the users to use that port in their
There is a third option which involves port forwarding and avoids changing the SSH port in the instance GitLab runs. This gives you the option to have two distinct usable SSH ports and is the case with GitLab.com.
How GitLab.com implements an alternate SSH port
Our current infrastructure setup goes something like this:
GitLab.com > Azure availability set > Loadbalancer (443->443, 80->80, 22->22) > HAProxy nodes -> workers
Normally you can't just simply use port 443 on the same GitLab instance because it runs GitLab itself, and that's assuming you are running GitLab with HTTPS (if not you are highly encouraged to do so). In that case, you should better use a separate host which forwards port 443 to port 22 of your GitLab instance. You can do this with HAProxy or any other loadbalancer, or even with IPTables.
In GitLab.com's case, we have setup a separate Azure availability set with two HAProxy nodes exactly the same configured as for GitLab.com. The only thing that differs is the creation of a different Azure loadbalancer in that availability set which forwards TCP connections from port 443 to port 22.
So the new extra setup goes something like this:
altssh.gitlab.com > Azure availability set > Loadbalancer (443->22) > HAProxy nodes (lb10,lb11) > workers
How to use the alternate SSH connection on GitLab.com
GitLab.com runs a second SSH server that listens on the commonly used port
443, which is unlikely to be firewalled.
All you have to do is edit your
~/.ssh/config and change the way you connect to GitLab.com. The two notable changes are
Host gitlab.com Hostname altssh.gitlab.com User git Port 443 PreferredAuthentications publickey IdentityFile ~/.ssh/gitlab
The first time you push to
altssh.gitlab.com you will be asked to verify the server's key fingerprint:
The authenticity of host '[altssh.gitlab.com]:443 ([126.96.36.199]:443)' can't be established. ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:HbW3g8zUjNSksFbqTiUWPWg2Bq1x8xdGUrliXFzSnUw. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)?
That's only normal since you are connecting to the new loadbalancer. If you watch closely, the key fingerprint is the same as in GitLab.com.